Glaucoma Signs and Symptoms
Keeping an eye out for glaucoma signs and symptoms is important to vision health. As glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness in the world, after cataracts, preventing and treating glaucoma can slow down vision loss and save your eyesight.
Types of glaucoma include open-angle, closed-angle, normal-tension and congenital. Open-angle glaucoma accounts for 90% of cases. Glaucoma occurs when tiny deposits build up in the drainage canals of the eyes, slowly clogging them. The aqueous humor is the fluid produced by the eyes, and in normal vision, runs through those canals. In open-angle glaucoma, this fluid does not flow freely through what is known as the trabecular meshwork, causing an increase in intraocular pressure. The intraocular pressure can lead to damage of the optic nerve and vision loss. The optic nerve is critical to vision as it sends signals from the retina to the brain to create and relay the images you see.
Although symptoms may develop gradually, the first sign of glaucoma is usually the loss of the peripheral (side) vision. Higher than normal intraocular pressure in the eyes, blurred vision, lacrimation, redness of the eye, pain in the eyes and the eyebrows, and head pain are common glaucoma signs and symptoms. The appearance of rainbow-colored circles around bright lights, nausea or vomiting, and sudden loss of sight are also glaucoma signs and symptoms one may experience regardless of the type of glaucoma diagnosed.
The best way to treat glaucoma is to lower eye pressure. The first course of treatment is prescription eye drops. Eye drops will not cure glaucoma, but they can decrease fluids and increase drainage to alleviate eye pressure. Other options to manage glaucoma include oral medications, laser treatment, or surgery.
If you are experiencing any of the glaucoma signs and symptoms listed above, contact Skyline Vision Clinic for screening and treatment options. Skyline Vision Clinic offers the latest in prevention, diagnostics, and care for eye conditions ranging from routine to complex. Schedule today by calling 719-630-3937 or book your appointment conveniently online at WEBSITE.